What Are All The Types of Quartz Countertops?

Quartz countertops have become increasingly popular in recent years as a durable, low-maintenance, and stylish option for kitchen and bathroom remodeling. But not all quartz countertops are created equal. There are actually several different types of engineered quartz countertops on the market today, each with their own unique properties and benefits. Here is an overview of the most common types of quartz countertops to help you select the right one for your needs.

Natural Quartz Countertops

Natural or raw quartz countertops are cut directly from slabs of quartz crystals mined from the earth. They come in a dazzling array of natural colors and patterns such as white, cream, gray, pink, and black speckled with flecks of glittering quartz.


  • Completely natural material without any resins or binders
  • Stunning array of natural color patterns
  • Extremely hard and scratch-resistant


  • Expensive
  • Limited color and pattern options
  • Can stain without sealants

Engineered Quartz Countertops

Engineered or manufactured quartz blends ground natural quartz crystals with resins, polymers, and pigments. The quartz content typically ranges from 90-95%. Some brand names of engineered quartz include Silestone, Caesarstone, Cambria, and Viatera.


  • More affordable than natural quartz
  • Widest range of colors and patterns
  • Resists stains and scratches
  • Non-porous


  • Contains resins and binders
  • Less natural look than raw quartz
  • Seams more visible

Quartz ‘Slabs’ vs. Quartz ‘Tiles’

Quartz countertops come either in large slabs or smaller rectangular tiles. Quartz slabs are cut to fit seamlessly over full countertops. Quartz tiles have more visible seams between each tile and often have grout lines.

Pros of slabs:

  • More continuous, seamless look
  • Easier to keep clean
  • Fewer installation issues

Pros of tiles:

  • Smaller pieces are less prone to cracking/damage
  • Easier to replace just one section if damaged
  • More design/pattern flexibility

Quartz Surface Finishes

Quartz counters come in a variety of surface finishes that affect the overall look and feel:

  • Polished – Glossy, reflective surface
  • Honed – Matte, soft, satin finish
  • Concrete – Rough texture mimics look of concrete
  • Leather – Soft pebbly texture

Consider the look you want and how the finish will impact maintenance when choosing a surface finish. Honed finishes hide scratches better but are more prone to staining.

Types of Quartz Patterns

Beyond the base color, different quartz counters have unique patterns and visual styles:

  • Solid – Single, uniform color throughout
  • Veined – Subtle wisps or veins of color
  • Speckled – Flecks of glittering quartz crystals
  • Metallic – Shimmering metallic particles mixed in
  • Marble-look – Replicates look of natural marble

Patterning can range from minimal to bold and variegated. Pick a style that matches your overall kitchen or bath decor.

How to Choose the Best Quartz Countertops

When selecting quartz countertops, consider:

  • Use – How much daily use and wear-and-tear will the counters be subject to? Pick a very hard, durable grade of quartz for high-traffic kitchens.
  • Color/pattern – Samples can help narrow down color and pattern options that best suit your space.
  • Price – Thicker slabs, exotic patterns, and full-length counters will increase price. Staying under budget is essential.
  • Maintenance – Understand the cleaning needs of your chosen quartz to keep it looking like new.

Frequently Asked Questions About Quartz Countertops

Is quartz cheaper than granite?

In most cases, yes. Due to advanced manufacturing techniques, quartz is generally more affordable than natural granite or marble for countertops. However, premium engineered quartz grades can approach granite pricing.

Is quartz harmful?

Engineered quartz contains resins and polymers that are considered non-toxic when cured. Quartz emits very low VOC emissions and is UL Greenguard certified. So quartz countertops are not considered harmful or dangerous.

How durable is quartz?

With a Mohs hardness rating of 7-8 out of 10, quartz offers excellent scratch, chip, and heat resistance compared to other counter materials. However, quartz can be damaged by excessive impacts. Proper care is still required.

Can you repair quartz countertops?

Minor damage like scratches or small chips can be sanded and buffed out of quartz. But significant damage requires full replacement. Avoid using DIY repair kits which may change the appearance.

Does quartz need to be sealed?

Unlike granite or marble, quartz does not require regular sealing. The resins make quartz non-porous and prevent staining within the material. However, seams may need occasional sealing.

Is quartz better than granite?

There is no definitive “better” material. Granite is more natural while quartz offers more consistency. Both are excellent options that provide style and durability. Personal preference between natural stone vs. engineered stone is the deciding factor.


With the variety of colors, patterns, finishes, and price points available, there is a type of quartz countertop to meet any design needs and budget. Carefully consider the pros and cons of each type to select the ideal quartz surfaces for your next remodeling project. A knowledgeable kitchen and bath designer can explain quartz options to ensure you make the most informed decision. Investing in high quality quartz countertops adds valuable style and luxury to any home.