Quartz countertops are popular in kitchens and bathrooms because of their durability, stain resistance, and ease of maintenance. However, like any solid surface, they can become damaged over time. Small pits or divots in quartz countertops can occur from impact, heat, or chemical damage. Thankfully, it is possible to repair a pit in quartz yourself using a few simple products and techniques.
What Causes Pits in Quartz?
There are three main causes of pits or divots in quartz countertops:
Dropping a heavy object like a pot or pan can chip or ding quartz, leaving small pits or chips. Impacts from tools or appliances can also damage the surface over time.
Exposing quartz to excessive heat can cause pits or bubbles. Hot pans, leaving a curling iron on the surface, or exposing the edges to the heat of the stovetop can scorch or melt the resin.
Spills of strong chemicals like paint removers, drain cleaners, bleach, and oven cleaners that are not promptly cleaned up can etch or corrode quartz and leave damaged spots.
Repairing a Pit in Quartz Countertops
Repairing a pit or divot in quartz is a multi-step process, but it can be done without having to completely replace the countertop. Here is an overview of the repair process:
Clean and Dry the Area
Use a non-abrasive cleaner to thoroughly clean the area, removing any dirt or debris from the damaged spot. Allow the area to completely dry.
Sand the Pit
Use 100-150 grit sandpaper to lightly smooth and level out the bottom of the pit. Be careful not to scratch the surrounding quartz. Wipe away any dust.
Fill the Pit
Fill the void with an epoxy adhesive filler made for countertops. Press the filler in firmly with a putty knife. Allow ample drying time per the product instructions.
Sand and Re-fill
Once dry, lightly sand again if needed to make the patch level with the countertop. Clean dust and re-fill any low spots until level. Allow to fully cure.
Polish the Repair
Use a buffing pad or very fine (400+ grit) sandpaper to blend and polish the edges of the patch, feathering it smoothly into the countertop surface.
Seal and Protect
Apply a penetrating sealant made for quartz to the repair and surrounding area. This fills pores and provides stain resistance.
Tips for Preventing Pits and Damage
To help avoid pits and divots in your quartz countertops:
- Use cutting boards and hot pads when prepping food or setting down hot pans.
- Clean spills promptly, especially from harsh chemicals.
- Avoid exposing quartz edges near stoves to excessive heat.
- Don’t place curling irons or other hot tools directly on the surface.
- Use placemats and trivets under dishes to prevent scratches.
- Lift heavy objects when moving them across quartz.
When to Call a Professional
While small pits and damages can be repaired at home, it’s best to call in a professional fabricator for repairs that are:
- Larger than a 50 cent piece. The repair may be prone to cracking or shifting.
- Near sink cutouts or seams. This can compromise waterproofing or adhesion.
- Numerous or covering a large area. It is hard to blend fixes over a wide space.
- Too deep to fill. The epoxy patch needs a solid foundation.
- Beyond your skill level. Professionals have specialized tools and epoxies.
With some mild sanding, adhesive filler, and polish, minor pits and dings in quartz countertops can be fixed to keep your countertops looking great. Be sure to take preventative measures daily to avoid damage and prolong the life of your quartz surfaces.
Frequently Asked Questions About Repairing Pits in Quartz Countertops
What is the easiest method for repairing pits in quartz?
The simplest repair method is to fill small pits with a countertop epoxy adhesive specifically designed for solid surface repairs. Clean, dry, and sand the damaged spot before firmly packing the epoxy filler into the pit. Allow time to cure completely before sanding smooth.
What household items can I use to fill a pit in my quartz?
Avoid household fix-it products. Things like super glue, baking soda mixtures, or two-part epoxies made for wood or metal are not formulated to withstand heat, water, and use the way countertop epoxies are. Opt for a filler made specifically for countertops.
Should I try to polish out very shallow pits with a buffing pad first?
For minor surface pits or scuffs, try using a buffing pad alone first before filling it. Apply polishing compound to the pad and buff in a circular motion to gently smooth and blend the spot. Deeper divots will need filling.
What grit sandpaper should be used to sand quartz repairs?
Use 100-150 grit paper to sand the bottom of pits, followed by 400+ grit to finely blend and polish the cured filler. Be very gentle to avoid scratching the surrounding surface. Wet sanding can help minimize quartz dust.
How long does quartz countertop epoxy filler take to cure?
Most quartz repair epoxies take 24-48 hours to fully cure and harden before sanding or polishing. Some fast-drying products may set in just a few hours. Be sure to allow ample curing time for hardness and bond strength.
Can I apply a sealant or wax over a quartz countertop repair?
Yes, you should apply a penetrating quartz sealant over the entire repair area and surrounding countertop once the fix has been smoothed and polished. This will help prevent stains and fill microscopic pores.
Repairing small pits, chips or dings in quartz countertops is possible with the right materials and techniques. The process involves cleaning, sanding, filling with an adhesive, and plenty of curing time. Preventing thermal, impact, and chemical damage is also key. Address any damages promptly and take care daily to keep your quartz surfaces smooth and pristine with just minor upkeep. With some care and effort, you can keep your quartz looking like new.